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recent exhibitions, etc

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2013

Kiernan Gallery, Virginia

2014

 Exhibit: Lewis University

The Art Center, Highland Park

Vogt Visual Arts Center

Plainfield Public Library

Arterie Fine Arts,  Best of Show

2015

Bridgeport Art Center 

Art Intersection, Gilbert, Arizona

Core New Art Space, Denver

Alliance of Fine Art Oakbrook

Jackson Jung Gallery, Chicago

Exhibit: Gallery Seven

Exhibit: Illinois Central College

2016

Tall Grass Arts Association

Interview, Comp Magazine

Lewis University

Photographic Art Society 

Origins III, TAGOL, Lockport

Hand Magazine

Curator-The Art of Illinois

Black and White Magazine

2017

The Flower of Life Gallery, Lockport,  

Chicago Society of Artists 

Fables, Fairy Tales and Folklore, TAGOL

Arts Gala,Lemont Center

Women’s Works, The Old Court House

Lewis UniversityPresident’s Annual Art Exhibition 

Tall Grass Association, 

North Central College

Black and White Magazine,

2018

Exhibit: Orland Park Library

The Arts Place, Portland, IN, 

Artitude, University of St. Francis

Black and White Magazine

2019

Artitude,Lewis University

Artitude, Beverly Arts Center,Chicago

Exhibit: Joliet Prison, Gallery Seven

Exhibit: Beverly Arts Center

Black and White Magazine


Image chosen for Christopher James’ Third Edition, “The Book of Alternative Processes”


 Member: alternativephotography.com 

 Chicago Society of Artists

Gallery Seven, Lockport

 Founder: artitude

 Founder and Producer: 

(art)INSPIRED! live lit


My Medium

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A Gum Bichromate print is a one-of-a-kind object. Taking an image that I photographed, I create 3 negatives. Then, special heavy watercolor paper is sized and prepared. Next, a solution of dichromate, a light sensitive chemical, is mixed with gum Arabic and pigments. The solution of gum, dichromate and pigments is brushed onto the watercolor paper. This dries and then a contact negative is taped to the paper and the print is exposed under UV light. Lastly, the print is placed face down in a water bath, where the unexposed parts of the prints gradually fall away. The amount and color of pigment used, the ratio and strength of the dichromate, the amount of time the print is exposed, and the amount of time it is in the water are all variables that affect the final look. This whole process is then repeated after the print dries, with a different pigment. Each print has anywhere from 3 to 10 layers.  

My Inspiration

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I create my images with an alternative printing process of photography that dates back to the 1880’s. Gum Bichromate is a combination of photography, watercolor and printmaking. Working in Gum Bichromate enables me to become more engaged in the creation of my work. There is emotionality to the gum print, like images you remember from dreams or scenes from your memory. There is a mystery to the print that allows the viewers to find their own meaning in the image. For me Gum Bichromate is very meditative, hands-on, manipulating and creating an image. While working on a print, layer-by-layer, day-by-day, I become intimate with the image as it ingrains upon my mind and heart. Each pieceis an original.